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In-Depth Look At The Walk & Trot Of A Horse

Posted by Nicole Nauss on January 7, 2014 at 8:25 PM Comments comments (40)

In-Depth Look At The Walk & Trot Of A Horse

 

The Walk

 

In the walk,a flat and tame pace which bears about the same relation to the trot that the gallop holdsa to the run, the horse may lead off with any foot, usually with the fore-leg, which is diagonally opposite to the hind leg furthest behind the center of gravity. The leg which is diagonally disposed to the one which initiates the movement is then advanced, then the other leg of the extremity with which the walk originated is moved up, and then the fourth leg is put forward.

 

If the horse should begin the walk with the left fore-leg leading, it would be followed by the right hind leg: then the right fore-leg would be moved forward, and as the mass advanced the left hind-leg would be detached and carried up. The legs would follow the same order during the movement.

 

If the horse be perfectly collected he will begin the walk with the fore-leg opposite to the side from which the stimulation to movement comes. That is, if the right spur be applied, the horse would begin the walk with the left fore-foot.

 

In the walk the horse has never less than two feet planted at the same time, one of the fore-hand and one of the croup. In certain stages he has three feet upon the ground at once, two of either extremity, and one of the other. But the four feet are never bearing the weight together.

 

The walk is a pace of four flat beats, and when it is perfectly performed, the rhythm should be even and true.

 

The Trot

 

But when the action becomes quick and energetic, and the horse leaves the ground in a succession of springy steps, and the foot-beats are sharp and clear, the pace is a trot. In this gate the legs are moved in the order of the walk, and, as the speed is increased, the legs diagonally disposed are brought into action almost simultaneously, a hind-leg following a fore-leg with a very short interval. In a perfectly-balanced trot, as is the passage, the diagonal legs are raised almost together, and they reach the ground at nearly the same time, the horse having been in air.

 

Even at a low rate of speed, in a disunited trot, the horse is free from the ground at each stride, and he may at times have three feet bearing the weight; but as the speed is increased, the third foot is not permitted to remain. Where one foot is on the ground it may be of either extremity, and the foot diagonally disposed.

 

In a rapid trot, the horse in motion, leaves the ground always from a hind-foot to recieve the weight upon the diagonal fore-foot, and almost at the same time the other hind-foot, and at no time are more than two feet upon the ground together.

 

Alternative To De-Wormers

Posted by Nicole Nauss on December 31, 2013 at 9:20 PM Comments comments (49)

I  would like to bring up the issue of using de-wormers (poisons) to get rid of parasites. Some people have been known to de-worm there horse or horses every 6 months and  even every 3 months on a regular schedule to have their horse dewormed just because that is how the vet  would recommend to everyone of thier clients how they should de-worm . Whether they have worms or not they just do it like clock work .


All I'm asking is for you to test this theroy and ask your vet if the de-wormer they are using is a poison, I mean, it kills things doesnt it? Ask your vet if they would eat the de-wormer bet they will say NO! I wouldnt give my horse anything I wouldnt eat so why would you want to give your horse something your vet wouldnt even eat. 


I would like to educate you as much as possible here on something called Diatomaceous Earth or D.E.


First, I will give 

 you the benefits to us and then the bernfits to horses 


"There are several uses for DE, but remarkably, now, humans too can benefit from the cleansing, filtering agents of diatomaceous earth. It is apparent from the research and anecdotal evidence, that food grade diatomaceous earth provides multiple health advantages for humans and animals as well. Used as a daily treatment, diatomaceous earth can alleviate the potentially deadly risks of high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and obesity, ameliorate annoying and stressful issues stemming from intestinal bacteria and parasites, bronchia inflammation, kidney and urinary infections, irregular bowels, as well as assist with vertigo, headaches, tinnitus, insomnia, and acts as an anti-inflammatory. Diatomaceous earth is hands down the best remedy for parasites in our bodies. Studies show diatomaceous earth can help those suffering with diabetes and with arterial disease, joint pain and may prevent or alleviate Alzheimer's disease by preventing the absorption of aluminum. Another of the benefits of Silica is that it helps to destroy bad fats. Diatomaceous Earth is Mother Nature's product with no harm to the environment, pets or people."

 

What is Diatomaceous Earth?

 


 

Diatomaceous earth is a remarkable, all-natural product made from tiny fossilized water plants. DE is a naturally occurring siliceous sedimentary mineral compound from microscopic skeletal remains of unicellular algae-like plants called diatoms. These plants have been part of the earth's ecology since prehistoric times. It is believed that 30 million years ago the diatoms built up into deep, chalky deposits of diatomite. The diatoms are mined and ground up to render a powder that looks and feels like talcum powder. DE is approximately 3% magnesium, 33% silicon, 19% calcium, 5% sodium, 2% iron and many other trace minerals such as titanium, boron, manganese, copper and zirconium. Diatomaceous Earth is a natural (not calcined or flux calcined) compound.

 

How Diatomaceous Earth Works

 

DE addresses a broad spectrum of harmful toxins entering the body including:

 

Bacteria

Parasites

Fungi

Protozoa

Viruses (including poliovirus)

Endotoxins

Pesticide and drug residues

E-Coli

Heavy metals (including methyl mercury)

Proteinaceous toxins produced by some intestinal infections

Many harmful things entering the body have a positive charge. Silica is a semi-conductive mineral which when warmed by body heat becomes negatively charged and gives off electrons. These negatively charged mineral ions and/or individual shells attract bad microbes, free radicals, positively charged waste and other harmful things. Acting as magnets, the negatively charged shells and/or ions attract and absorb positive things that are small enough to go through the holes. Add a sugar molecule and you can trap toxins into the porous food-grade DE particle which is then excreted safely out of the body. Because of the strong charge, each shell can absorb a large number of positively charged substances, whether they be chemical or in the form of bacteria or viruses. They pass on through the stomach and intestine, taking these harmful substances out of the body.

 

When Diatomaceous Earth is taken into the body it starts working in 3 different ways:

 

1) As it moves through the stomach and digestive tract, it attracts and absorbs bacteria, fungi, protozoa, viruses (including poliovirus), endotoxins, pesticide and drug residues, E-Coli, heavy metals (including methyl mercury) and protein, perhaps even the proteinaceous toxins produced by some intestinal infections. These toxins are trapped and passed out of the body. In addition, any larger parasites that happen to be in the stomach of digestive tract are "cut up" and killed by the sharp edges of the DE (but DE does NOT kill the beneficial bacteria in the gut). All of these activities result in a much healthier body with less sickness. Many DE users claim to "feel better" with the use of DE. This better feeling comes from all the "junk" being removed from the body and by giving our immune system the "jump start" it needs.

2) Diatomaceous Earth is very hard. On the hardness scale where diamonds are a 9, DE is a 7. This is very important, because as those millions of tiny hard and sharp DE cylinders pass through the small and large intestines, they "scrub" the walls. After only a few months of taking DE, the intestine wall is no longer coated with mucus and molds but CLEAN!! The advantages of this are:

 Regular bowel movements (This is the #1 comment users make about DE).

Healthier Colon. This is especially important as we get older. A clean healthy colon keeps away polyps, cancers, and ulcers. Today, many are spending thousands of dollars to get colonics to do the same thing as DE does. Many users report increased energy and needing less sleep. This is a result of all the food and nutrients that are taken in being better absorbed into the blood stream. With a coated colon many nutrients never get absorbed.

3) A small amount of Diatomaceous Earth gets absorbed into the blood stream as silica. One of the benefits of Silica is that it helps to destroy bad fats. On average, DE lowers cholesterol by 40-50 points. Many users have also experienced a decrease in high blood pressure.

 

The benefits of silica are many. In today's grains, there is actually a shortage of silica. Years ago, the silica found in our foodstuffs was adequate, but with today's hybrids and depleted soils, only about 1/3 of the silica needed is supplied in our food. DE is a simple and inexpensive way to get the silica your body needs.


The intake of silica through DE can help you in many ways:

 

1. Lower High Blood Pressure.

 2. Lower High Cholesterol. - Most are reporting 40-50 points lower after only 2 weeks on DE.

 3. Sore joints feeling better - Osteoporosis is a symptom of the aging process. As calcium in our body system depletes, our bones become brittle and weak. Taking only a calcium supplement cannot correct or stop this threatening and crippling disease because the body cannot assimilate and make use of the calcium without the presence of silica. Evidence suggests that, instead of affecting healing, supplemental mineral calcium, on the contrary, accelerates the leaching away of bone calcium and thus hastens the degenerative process of osteoporosis and similar diseases that affect the supportive and connective tissues in the human body. For osteoporosis, silica can stop the pain and even restore the bodies' self repair process. Silica is responsible for the depositing of minerals into the bones, especially calcium. It speeds up the healing of fractures and also reduces scarring at the site of a fracture. Even when calcium is insufficient, the body can turn silica into calcium that the bones need.

 4. Healthier skin - Overseas, DE is used extensively as a health and beauty product for hair, skin, nails, bones, and joints. Tissue degeneration accelerates due to aging when connective tissue develops an diatom2.jpgincreasing inability to retain moisture when left unassisted. Silica can help slow the degenerative process of connective tissue. With silica, vitality and life, which are often lost as the years accumulate, can be naturally maintained or even restored to your skin. Collagen, largely made up of silica, is the glue that holds us together. If our body has enough silica, the collagen will make us look younger. Silica helps with skin problems and injuries including itching, rashes, abscesses, boils, acne, calluses, warts, eczemas, burns, frostbite, benign skin sores, insect bites and bedsores. If you regularly follow a silica regimen, your skin will keep its young look.

 5. Hair That Grows - Hair is nature's greatest beauty enhancer. Hair deserves to be pampered. Hair at 90 micrograms per gram is almost as rich in silica as are healthy bones, which contain 100 micrograms per gram. Silica is a major component of hair. Using a good silica supplement (such as DE) should be part of your ongoing hair care program for revitalizing hair. Silica helps to prevent baldness, stimulates healthier hair growth and assures beautiful shine, luster and strength.

 6. Teeth and Gums - Hardening the enamel, silica prevents cavities and preserves teeth. Silica also prevents bleeding gums, gum atrophy, and recession that cause the loosening of teeth, which could ultimately lead to tooth loss. Silica effectively fights ulceration and the decay of bones and teeth and also lessens inflammation.

 7. Toughens nails - Your nail plates are complex protein structures that grow four to five millimeters per month on average. With silica supplementation, fragile nails become normal within a short period of time. Silica will beautify the appearance of your nails and improve their hardness, making them shinier and less prone to breaking.

 

More Benefits:

 

Silica works with other anti-oxidants to prevent premature aging and to preserve youthfulness.

Silica fades age spots.

Silica stimulates metabolism for higher energy levels.

Silica supplementation helps repair and maintain vital lung tissues and protects them from pollution. By maintaining or restoring the elasticity of lung tissues, silica reduces inflammation in bronchitis.

It acts as a cough-decreasing agent. Silica tones the upper respiratory tract (nose, pharynx, larynx) and reduces swelling because of its positive action on the lymphatic system.

Silica supplementation keeps menopause free of stress and helps to prevent many unwanted side effects.

Cancer cannot survive in cells that have the correct levels of Silica.

Silica works with other antioxidants to prevent premature aging and to preserve youthfulness.

Silica can help prevent kidney stones and heal infections of the urinary tract. It is a natural diuretic, which can increase excretion of urine by 30 percent, thus flushing the water-excreting system and restoring normal function to these vital organs.

The presence of sufficient silica in the intestines will reduce inflammation of the intestinal tract. It can cause disinfection in the case of stomach and intestinal mucus and ulcers. Silica can prevent or clear up diarrhea and its opposite, constipation.

Silica will help normalize hemorrhoidal tissues.

In regulating and normalizing the bowels, silica has a pleasant side effect; it can alleviate lower back pain, which often troubles the elderly.

Silica proves effective with female discharge, abscesses and ulcers in the genital area and cervix, as well as mastitis (especially for breast feeding mothers).

The intake of silica acts as a supportive treatment for inflammation of the middle ear. Because of the beneficial effectiveness on the lymphatic system, silica can be used for swelling of the lymph nodes in the throat.

Has anti-inflammatory disinfecting, absorbing and odor binding effects.

Silica can decrease vertigo, headache, tinnitus (buzzing of the ears) and insomnia.

Silica can help diabetes by promoting synthesis of elastase inhibitor by the pancreas.

Silica can help arterial disease by strengthening the blood vessels. Studies confirm that with age, silica disappears from the aorta, the heart's key blood vessel thus weakening its critical connective tissue and resulting in a greater cardiac risk.

Silica can help prevent tuberculosis.

By improving the elasticity of the joints, silica helps rheumatism.

Silica has inhibitory effects on coronary diseases.

Silica can help avoiding or alleviating Alzheimer's disease by preventing the body from absorbing aluminum and may flush out aluminum from the tissues. Silica can stimulate the immune system.

Important Body Re-mineralization

 

Natural food grade diatomaceous earth contains 15 trace minerals including calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, copper, zinc, iron, phosphorous, and selenium.

 

Calcium. Bone density is controlled by the minerals, magnesium and manganese. Because both calcium and magnesium activate the process that begins the production of energy, and because calcium is necessary for the absorption of magnesium, it is easy to understand that the proper amount of biologically active calcium at the cellular level is necessary for you to have a good energy level.

 

Manganese:

 Helps to control the glucose level.

Aids in the calcification of teeth.

Works with magnesium to prevent muscle cramping.

Aids in the development of the inner and outer ear.

Works with magnesium in the control of hyper-kinetic and autistic behavior in children.

Aids in nerve impulse transmission.

Helps prevent tingling and numbness in the limbs.

Works with zinc in the prevention of birth defects.

The action of manganese is blocked by mercury.

Zinc. Zinc is essential in the activation of over 80 percent of the body's enzyme systems. Perhaps one of its most important functions is in helping to control glucose levels. It is also important in the growth of bone, and, along with magnesium, is vital in the healing process. Zinc is very important in childhood development.

 

Magnesium. Where there is a lack of magnesium, there is also a higher potential for tooth decay, so as a means of controlling dental problems, magnesium is essential. Alcohol lowers magnesium levels.

 

Chromium. Low levels of chromium are found in patients who habitually eat large amounts of carbohydrates. A high intake of carbohydrates will lower chromium levels because chromium is necessary in the activation of insulin and is part of what is known as the glucose tolerance factor. Most people do not get sufficient amounts of chromium from the foods they eat. It is necessary to be very strict about dietary control and taking supplementation.

 

Potassium. Nearly all medications and drugs will upset potassium metabolism. Potassium deficiency and/or contamination are characteristic of MS patients, and is the number-two deficiency in the periodontal patient.

 

Dosage

 There is NO one perfect way to take DE, everyone's preferences are different. The following is a general suggestion for use. Start with 1-2 teaspoons per day mixed in some kind of liquid or food. There is no unpleasant taste. Since it will not dissolve, stirring several times while drinking will prevent settling. Gradually increase to 1-2 tablespoons twice a day. Some people take DE three times a day, but as a general warning some have experienced higher energy levels, so it is probably better not to take it right before sleeping. No worry about getting too much - any excess silica not needed by the body is automatically eliminated through the blood stream, kidneys and intestines.

 

Personal Uses for Diatomaceous Earth

 

Face Mask and Cleanser: Mix DE and water together until you have made a paste. Apply to the face with circular scrubbing motion until face is fully covered. Leave on face for approx. 2 min. and then wash off with warm water. Your face will be fully exfoliated and toned for pennies!!! Mix DE with your favorite cleanser and you will have cleaner, smoother skin.

 

Teeth Cleaner: Sprinkle a small amount on your favorite brand of toothpaste and brush as you normally would. You will notice that your teeth look and feel "just went to the dentist" clean.

 

Cautions

 DE manufacturers who work in diatomaceous earth mines 5 days/week advise inhaling it is not a problem but it is still recommended to avoid breathing it whenever possible.

Avoid getting diatomaceous earth in the eyes as it can be drying to the eyes. Direct contact with DE powder can be drying to hands and feet, just as it can be to your pets.

Some parasites exiting the body are clearly visible in the stool. Some people choose to look and others don't want to know. Obviously, this is a personal choice.

Avoid using heavily in carpet for pest control as it has been reported that too much DE may cause vacuum problems.


NEVER use pool filter grade DE on yourself or around animals.


Some people experience a "healing crisis" (detox reaction) when beginning DE consumption. This discomfort may be nothing more than inflammation caused by a reawakening immune system as it detoxifies and begins to attack previously unaddressed chronic infections. According to one infectious disease expert, as some parasites are dying off, they release extra toxins into the system which can cause nausea, sharp pains, or cramping. Parasites can harbor their own smaller parasites, germs and infections (protozoa, amoebae, bacteria, viruses, etc), which are also released into the system which can increase the discomfort. Working up the amount slowly from about a teaspoon to a rounded tablespoon over a few days or weeks may help to avoid this situation.


HYDRATION IS IMPORTANT, DRINK PLENTY OF WATER.

If you use DE for insect control, remember it will kill beneficial insects (i.e. ladybugs) as well, so use accordingly.

 

DISCLAIMER: These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. The statements are for informational purposes only and are not meant to replace the services or recommendations of a physician or qualified health care practitioner. Those with health problems, pregnancy or who are nursing are specifically advised that they should consult their physician before taking any nutritional supplement. Avoid inhaling this product.

If theses are the benefits just for you imagine how good it will be for your horse too!

Here are the benifits of D.E. for Animals

Diatomaceous Earth for Pets and Animals

Pets - they come in all shapes and sizes. Protect them with DE. When lightly rubbed into their coats or dusted on their premises, it is very effective against fleas, ticks, lice, and other pests on pet dogs, cats, and birds. It can also be used as an organic wormer and will kill any worms or parasites the pets may have. When using as a de-wormer, mix the DE into their food as follows:

 

Large Cats - 1 teaspoon

 

Kittens - 1/4 teaspoon

 

Dogs 100 lbs + - 1-2 tablespoons

 

Dogs 50 - 100lbs - 1 tablespoon

 

Dogs Under 50 lbs - 1 teaspoon

 

Mini dogs - 1/2 teaspoon

 

As pets get older, they also get sore joints. With DE in their diet they will feel better. Apply to moist kennel areas to reduce odors, dry the area, and prevent pest breeding. Deodorizing and absorption are natural functions of DE, so add to kitty litter to absorb odors and keep the litter box drier.

 


All livestock such as Horses, Cows, Pigs, Sheep, Goats, Rabbits, Chickens and others will benefit from the use of DE. It is completely safe and nontoxic.

Here's a link for you to get your own bag:6 lbs for $20 or less

Food Grade Diatomaceous Earth - 6 Pounds - Natural Powder Used to Control Pests Such As Bed Bugs, Fleas, Ants, Cockroaches, Crickets and Scorpions - Ideal for Organic Gardening - Safe for Humans, Dogs, Cats and Horses - 100% Satisfaction Guarantee

 


 

Some of the benefits that have been observed:

 

Control of fleas and ticks

Stimulates basic metabolism

Converts feed better

Reduces the desire to lick soil

Scouring or diarrhea: when fed it seems to act as a material that draws both virus and bacteria out of the body and solidifies the stool

Reduces odor and moisture in barns and stalls

Better coat and hoof condition

Keeps fly larvae from developing in manure, noticeably reducing the fly population

Reduces annual vet bills--Decreased Mortality

In Cattle: Decreased Mastitis

Dairy Cattle: Increased milk production

Kills parasites without chemicals

Better egg production, stronger eggs, and reduces overall animal stress

Added to livestock waters, will prevent algae from growing

Suggested Feeding and Application for Animal Rates:

 

Beef Cattle - 1% of total weight of dry ration 5% in grain or 1oz. per day

 

Dairy Cattle - 1% of total weight of dry ration or 1 oz. per day

 

Calves - 4 grams in morning milk per calf or 2 oz. per day in feed

 

Chickens - 5% in feed, use at full strength in dusting boxes

 

Hogs - 2% of total feed ration, dust or spray on bedding and animals

 

Horses - 5 ounces (1 cup) in daily feed ration

 

Sheep - 1% in ground grains 1 part Diatomaceous Earth to 2 parts T-M salt

 

Goats - 1% in grain, 1/2 oz per day, up to 50% in T-M salt

 

For large animals, DE may also be offered "free choice" as long as dispenser is protected from the wind. Your livestock will also get the benefit of over 14 trace minerals that make up Diatomaceous Earth.

 

NEVER feed any other type of DIATOMACEOUS EARTH to any animal, other than the Food Grade fresh water DIATOMACEOUS EARTH.

You may need to change the amount of D.E. and give more as needed but you will have to exsperiment with it and your horse to see what doseage works best. I know one horse takes 8 cups thru the day just to keep it worm free so every horse is different and the chart above gives you a starting reference to begin with . You can have your vet check your horses fecal to see if any worms are still there or invest about $300 on a microscope or you can get it alot cheaper thru my link I have listed here for you about $160 at  PREMIERE MSK-01 Student Microscope


 PREMIERE MSK-01 Student Microscope

MSK-01 MONOCULAR MICROSCOPE

Features:

·10X Eyepiece with scale pointer

· 3 Objectives 4X, 10X, & 40X

· Total magnification 40X to 400X

· Mechanical stage

· Coaxial coarse & fine focusing

· Disc diaphragm

· 15W lamp

· Vinyl dust cover, spare bulb.

· Size: 4” x 6” x 11” (H)

· CE

 

Shipping Weight: 6 lbs.



Bits For Training Horses

Posted by Nicole Nauss on December 24, 2013 at 3:35 AM Comments comments (0)


Bits are a very important tool to use and to know the differences is also important. There are alot of  types of bits out there. When I go to a tack store and look at all the bits, it is like walking down the spice aisle at the grocery store. I see a lot of things that I have no idea what to do with them.. There are a lot of crazy bits made by people who prey on others inability to train their horses successfully. Many people believe that if their horse is not responding, they should get a stronger bit. Don't do this! A harsh bit in the wrong hands can do serious damage to your horse and set your training program way back. If we could only have one bit for any horse it would definitely be a snaffle of some type. Young and inexperienced horses need to be able to bend to varying degrees so the use of a direct reining device such as a snaffle is very important.

 

I prefer using bits appropriate for the level of training for both the horse and rider. The type of bit that you would typically use will have a huge impact on your success. I'm sure you can find alot of books on bits but we will focus on bits for training. Whether you’re training a western or english horse, the principles of bitting for starting a young horse are the same. For the most part, a snaffle bit is the tool of choice for the knowledgeable horseman. As with everything, there are many types of snaffle bits. These snaffle bits are differentiated by the rings that connect to the mouthpiece:



The loose ring snaffle is a jointed or broken snaffle bit on which the rings are free sliding. The loose ring prevents the horse from grabbing hold of the bit. If the horse attempts to grab the bit, it rotates, which makes it difficult to get hold of.





The eggbutt snaffle is similar to the loose ring, but the rings are fixed on a hinge which does not allow freedom of movement in the bit. The eggbutt was designed because of the tendency of the loose ring to pinch or cut the horse’s mouth.






The D-ring snaffle is similar in design to the eggbutt. The largest difference between the two bits is that the ring connection is even further away from the horse’s lips – making it even safer for the horse.


Do not use twisted wire snaffles, leverage bits, or mechanical hackamores when starting a horse. Actually, I can’t think of any reason you should ever use a twisted wire snaffle, mechanical hackamore, gag bit, or leverage bit with long shanks. Only when you and your horse progress to a higher level, should you be working with other types of bits.


Using a bit incorrectly or using the wrong type of bit can create problems. Some of the most common are:

*Avoidance of the bit.

*Running through the bit.

*Carriage behind the bit.

*Dryness of mouth.

*Overactive mouthing/chewing of the bit.


  For training the green horse  use a sweet iron bit with copper inlays which has 3 inch D rings. I recommend starting with D-ring snaffle bits as opposed to loose ring snaffles because the loose ring snaffles may pinch or cut the mouth of a young horse. You want to make sure that everything you do when handling a young horse is set up for a positive experience. These bits also have enough room in the D ring for the slobber straps and headstall. Sweet iron rusts which causes the horse to salivate. The copper causes salivation too. For some reason, horses really like the taste of the rust. You may see this as ugly rust, but the horse will love it. The snaffle bit is broken or jointed in the middle, which means that it is intended to be used with both hands on the reins as opposed to a curb bit which can be used in one hand.


A snaffle is a mild bit which, in good hands should be held with very light pressure. If you have to pull hard on the reins and bit to get the horse to react, you’re doing something wrong. Pressure from the rein is not how you collect your horse. You may be able to get the head in the right position (this is called head setting) but the horse's back will be hollow and their movement will not be correct. The next time you go to a horse show, see if you can tell how many horses carry themselves with collection and how many just have their head in the right spot. You'll be surprised.

Contact with the bit through the rein should be light, remember that you want to end up with a light horse so don't start out by yanking on the bit or taking too much rein. Offer the "good deal" to the horse first – light pressure or contact. If the horse leans on the bit, do not pull back on both reins, this actually teaches the horse to push it’s nose out and lean on the bit even more. If you have a problem with the horse running through the bit, use a light pull on one rein. You may even have to tug a few times to get the horse's attention. Avoid constant pressure with the rein, you just want to make it uncomfortable for the horse so that they listen to you.

You also have to understand the dynamics of movement with the horse. With each step forward, the horse’s head and body move differently. If you maintain a static position with your hands and body, you will pull on the horse’s mouth. You need to be an "active" rider. What I mean by this is your body, arms, and hands have to move with the motion of the horse. This keeps the pressure on the bit the same throughout the range of motion of the horse.


  You start the bridling experience by teaching the horse about things in their mouth. You can use the lead rope to simulate a bit and ask for them to accept the rope in their mouth the same as if it were a bit. Ask for a bend at the poll and work the rope into the horses mouth as if it were a bit. The horse will get used to something in its mouth and it won't be a cold hard piece of metal the first time. The indians used a piece of leather as a bit in their horses mouths -- be creative with the lead rope. You should practice with the rope until the horse is accepting and soft with this exercise.


I don’t bridle a horse until they are proficient riding with the rope halter. You save time and can teach a lot to your horse before you ever get a bit in their mouth. When the time comes to put a bridle on, we will put it on over the rope halter and ride in the rope halter. In order to do this, you have to double up the reins over the horse's head so that they hang out of the way on the horse’s neck. It will look like your horse is wearing a lot of hardware. You can put the headstall on the horse so that he can get used to the feel, weight, and bit in their mouth before we start using it as the primary training aid.


Once you have the horse comfortable with the rope halter and headstall combination, you can remove the rope halter and do your training in the snaffle. You still use the rope halter for riding, especially if someone who doesn’t have very good hands on ridding the horse yet.


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